Home » What is Macular Degeneration , Symptoms & Steps to Prevention

What is Macular Degeneration , Symptoms & Steps to Prevention

Australian Gov has named May as the Macular Month. Accordingly, this is part of the awareness campaign run by the Macular Disease Foundation Australia (MDFA) for macular degeneration. Furthermore, as a medical supplies consumables supplier, QUOVO prides itself on keeping up to date with the latest knowledge related to healthcare. Moreover, it is important to be aware of diseases that are prevalent in our society. 

Macular Degeneration is the leading cause of vision loss and blindness in Australia. Similarly, This disease covers a range of painless conditions affecting the central retina (the macula), which is at the rear portion of the eye. This condition slowly destroys sharp, central vision. Moreover, This makes it difficult to see fine details and read. Furthermore, This condition is also known as Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) as it may get worse over time. however, It is viewed as the leading cause of severe, permanent vision loss in people over the age of 50. 

The below picture shows how vision gets affected over time by a person who suffers from Macular Degeneration.

Showing perspective of an individual who is suffering from macular degeneration. over a period of time.

Stages macular degeneration. over a period of time.

Types of Macular Degeneration

There are three types of AMD:  

  1. Dry macular degeneration  
  2. Wet macular degeneration  
  3. Stargardt macular degeneration  

1. Dry macular degeneration is a common eye disorder among people over 50. Furthermore, It causes blurred or reduced central vision, due to thinning of the macula, which is the part of the retina. The retina is responsible for clear vision in your direct line of sight. 

2. Wet macular degeneration is a chronic eye disorder that causes blurred vision or a blind spot in your visual field. This is generally caused by abnormal blood vessels that leak fluid or blood into the macula. 

3. Stargardt macular disease is a rare genetic eye disease that happens when fatty material builds up on the macula. Vision loss usually starts in childhood, but some people with Stargardt disease don’t start to lose their vision until they are adults. There’s no treatment for Stargardt disease. However, vision rehabilitation can help people make the most of their remaining vision. 

major types of macular degeneration as summarised in QUOVO article


What are the Symptoms

Dry & Wet AMD symptoms usually develop gradually and without pain. They may include: 

Stargardt AMD symptoms include a slow loss of central vision in both eyes. Some people lose their central vision more quickly than others. 

Other symptoms may include: 

Some people with Stargardt disease may also lose their peripheral vision. 


To confirm a diagnosis of AMD your doctor will review your medical and family history, as well as conduct a complete eye examination which includes the following tests: 


Causes of Macular Degeneration 

Groups of individuals with habits or lifestyles that put them at risk to macular degeneration



You must regularly examine your eyes with your doctor as a routine which will help you to identify early signs of AMD.  

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